Auto parts remanufacturing industry will usher in large-scale development
As China has become the world's largest automobile production and sales country for many years, the car ownership has risen sharply, and the speed of car replacement has accelerated, a large number of vehicles that have been eliminated provide abundant resources for the auto parts remanufacturing industry, and the release of relevant standards and policies. It shows that China's auto parts remanufacturing has entered the stage of standardization development. The auto parts remanufacturing industry will usher in a large-scale promotion and development period.
Good news release
In mid-December 2014, the National Standardization Administration issued the “Remanufactured Blank Quality Inspection Method” and “Repair Manufacturing Quality Management Requirements for Machinery Products”. At the same time, the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and other four ministries and commissions publicized the list of 10 companies with re-manufacturing product promotion pilot enterprises and remanufactured product models and promotion prices. At the same time, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Finance and other ministries and commissions jointly carried out the activities of re-manufacturing products in the country. According to the requirements of the event, remanufactured products such as automobile engines and gearboxes that meet the requirements are subsidized at 10% of the replacement price.
In late December 2014, the General Office of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology issued the “Notice on Further Doing Pilot and Demonstration of Remanufacturing of Electromechanical Products”, requiring all levels of industry and information technology authorities to work with relevant departments to strengthen the remanufacturing industry for electromechanical products. Management, encourage re-manufacturing enterprises and their products in the region to conduct online centralized publicity, and urge relevant units to strictly implement relevant national industrial policies, laws and regulations, and technical standards. Guide enterprises to implement remanufacturing product identification requirements; guide remanufacturing production enterprises to establish remanufacturing product information management platform, realize re-manufacturing products "tracking" and old parts "trace source".
The "Notice" clarifies that all regions are encouraged to use funds such as energy conservation and emission reduction to support projects such as upgrading and remanufacturing technology, and accelerate the pace of remanufacturing industrialization. Increase the support for enterprises and products listed in the "Remanufactured Product Catalogue", establish a docking platform for supply and demand of remanufactured products, coordinate and promote the procurement of remanufactured products by institutions, enterprises, institutions and organizations, and organize the promotion of remanufacturing products. Re-manufacturing knowledge of electromechanical products drives and encourages consumers to use remanufactured products. Eligible regions should actively promote remanufacturing products to enjoy the VAT reduction policy for comprehensive utilization of resources, and actively support the implementation of the “old-for-new” product subsidy policy.
Xie Jianjun, secretary general of the Auto Parts Remanufacturing Branch of China Association of Automobile Manufacturers, said that a series of favorable news shows that China's auto parts remanufacturing has entered the stage of standardization development, which will promote the rapid development of China's auto parts remanufacturing industry.
Huge market space
In recent years, China's auto industry has maintained an average annual growth rate of more than 10%. It is estimated that by 2016, the number of domestic civilian vehicles will reach 200 million. According to the development ratio of automobile ownership and remanufacturing in developed countries, China's auto parts remanufacturing industry will usher in a good market development prospect.
It is understood that the proportion of remanufactured products in the automotive repair and parts market in Europe and the United States is as high as 50%. According to this market share, the market space for remanufacturing products in China's future automotive aftermarket is huge.
Xie Jianjun introduced that although China's auto parts remanufacturing industry started late, it has developed rapidly. The number of companies engaged in remanufacturing has risen from the initial one to more than 100, and the output value has risen from less than 0.5 billion yuan in 2005 to the present. 8 billion yuan, the number of employees has risen from less than 1,000 to the current 50,000, and the industry scale and output value have increased significantly.
Compared with traditional scrap metal recycling and disposal methods, auto parts remanufacturing can recover about 70% of the added value of end-of-life products. Compared with the original manufacturing, remanufacturing can save energy consumption by 80% and save materials by more than 70%. Reduce manufacturing costs by 30%-50%.
At present, China's parts and components remanufacturing scope is limited to the "five major assemblies" - internal combustion engines, gearboxes, generators, starters, steering gear. Among them, internal combustion engine has the greatest potential for remanufacturing
It is understood that internal combustion engine remanufacturing is one of the key areas of automotive parts remanufacturing. Remanufacturing of internal combustion engines not only reduces waste, but also has considerable environmental benefits. Energy-saving materials, economic benefits, and social benefits are also significant. According to the data, most of the important parts such as cylinders and crankshafts of the end-of-life internal combustion engine are partially ineffective, and they can be remanufactured by forming, repairing, etc., and can restore their size, precision and performance without changing the shape and the body material.
Xing Min, executive vice president and secretary general of China Internal Combustion Engine Industry Association, said that the internal combustion engine industry is an important basic industry in China, with a long industrial chain, high correlation, wide employment, and large consumption. The implementation of internal combustion engine remanufacturing can not only realize the utilization of a large number of failed products, but also foster new economic growth points, accelerate the development of circular economy and build a resource-saving and environment-friendly society.
The industry believes that the agglomeration development of China's parts and components remanufacturing industry will become a trend. The auto parts remanufacturing industry is supported by certain industrial technologies. The development of the group will help the professional recycling, dismantling, cleaning, remanufacturing and construction of public platforms to form a complete industrial chain.
Xie Jianjun said, "The National Development and Reform Commission and the relevant ministries and commissions are promoting the construction of the remanufacturing industry demonstration base. The State Council also proposed to plan to build a 5-10 component remanufacturing industry demonstration base in the circular economy development strategy and the immediate action plan."
It is understood that in the late 1990s, China proposed the establishment of a remanufacturing system. In 1998, China National Heavy Duty Truck Group Jinan Fuqiang Power Co., Ltd. was established and became the first internal combustion engine remanufacturing enterprise in China. In the following 10 years, China's auto parts remanufacturing industry has gradually developed and gradually become a scale.
"The achievements of China's parts and components remanufacturing industry are obvious to all, but there are still many problems in remanufacturing as an emerging industry." Xie Jianjun said that if remanufactured products are not widely recognized by consumers, the source and sales of remanufactured products are old. The channels are not smooth enough, the remanufacturing technology and management level are not high, the product quality is not good, and the relevant regulations such as scrap car recycling management need to be revised. The relevant management system needs to be improved and the technical standards are still not perfect.
How to speed up the development of China's auto parts remanufacturing industry, Xie Jianjun believes that, first of all, the standard of reverse logistics system should be established as soon as possible. Since the recycling channels of old products are not standardized and are not smooth, a large number of old products are directly treated as waste products. It is difficult to ensure that enough old products are returned to the remanufacturing enterprises, resulting in the company's remanufacturing production line often being "idle" or "semi-idle". status.
Second, we must strengthen the awareness of the remanufacturing industry chain. Under the overall framework of "replacement with old", auto parts remanufacturing enterprises must establish a good product traceability tracking system to analyze the use of products, life cycle and exit time. Combine with the reverse logistics system to maintain product replacement relationships with customers.
Third, auto parts remanufacturing companies must "hold the group" forward. China's auto parts remanufacturing industry is in its infancy, requiring auto parts remanufacturing companies to exchange support and seek common development.
Industry insiders said that relevant government departments should take various measures to strengthen supervision, strictly control the quality inspection of remanufactured auto parts, use policies to guide consumption concepts, and increase publicity so that more consumers can understand and use them. Manufacturing of automotive parts.